Farrer Park Medical Centre is a leading healthcare institution located in Singapore. It offers a comprehensive range of medical services with a commitment to deliver quality care to patients from within the local community and around the world. With state-of-the-art facilities and a team of highly skilled doctors, specialists, and healthcare professionals, Farrer Park Medical Centre has established itself as a premier destination for medical treatment and wellness.
It was established in 2016 as part of Farrer Park Hospital, which opened its doors in 2014. The hospital complex is situated within Connexion, an integrated healthcare hub that combines retail outlets, hospitality services, medical offices, and wellness facilities.
Specialist Clinics: It boasts an extensive network of specialist clinics covering various medical disciplines. These include cardiology, dermatology, gastroenterology, neurology, obstetrics/gynaecology (OB/GYN), orthopaedics, paediatrics, urology,and many more.
Diagnostic Services: The centre is equipped with advanced diagnostic technology to facilitate accurate diagnoses. This includes imaging services such as X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scans, ultrasonography,and mammography.
Day Surgery Centre: The facility features a well-appointed day surgery centre where various surgical procedures can be performed on an outpatient basis under the guidance of experienced surgeons.
Wellness Services: It also focuses on promoting wellness through preventative care activities such as health screenings and lifestyle consultations.
Modern Infrastructure: Designed with patient comfort in mind, the centre's infrastructure encompasses spacious waiting areas, comfortable examination rooms,bespoke consultation suites,and cutting-edge operating theatres.
One-Stop Comprehensive Care: It is a one-stop medical centre that offers comprehensive medical solutions. With various specialists, diagnostic services, and surgical capabilities all under one roof, patients can expect seamless coordination of care.
International Patient Services: Recognising the importance of catering to international patients, the centre provides dedicated services for medical tourists, including assistance with travel arrangements, interpreter services,and personalised care throughout their stay in Singapore.
Research and Education: As an academic institution, it actively participates in research collaborations and promotes continuous education among its healthcare professionals. This commitment to innovation ensures that they remain at the forefront of medical advances.
Farrer Park Medical Centre is a leading healthcare facility in Singapore, providing comprehensive care across multiple specialties. Their commitment to quality service,state-of-the-art infrastructure,and focus on patient convenience ensure that patients receive top-notch healthcare and an unparalleled experience when seeking treatment or wellness support at the centre.
General medicine, also known as internal medicine, is a broad field of medical practice that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in adults. It encompasses a wide range of medical conditions and provides comprehensive care for patients dealing with various health issues.
Role of General Medicine Physicians
General medicine physicians, commonly referred to as internists or general practitioners (GPs), are primary healthcare providers who play a critical role in managing patients' overall health and well-being. They serve as the first point of contact for individuals seeking medical care and are responsible for evaluating their symptoms, providing accurate diagnoses, developing treatment plans, and coordinating further specialised care if necessary.
Scope of Practice
The scope of practice within general medicine is vast. Internists are trained to handle both acute and chronic illnesses across multiple organ systems. Some common areas they address include:
Cardiovascular Diseases: Internists manage conditions like hypertension (high blood pressure), heart disease, arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), and congestive heart failure.
Respiratory Disorders: They treat respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, bronchitis, and allergic rhinitis.
Gastrointestinal Disorders: Internists address gastrointestinal problems like gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), gastritis, peptic ulcers, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), hepatitis, and liver diseases, including cirrhosis.
Endocrine Disorders: They diagnose and manage disorders related to hormone regulation such as diabetes mellitus type 2 or 1 (DMT2/DMT1), thyroid disorders (like hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism), adrenal gland abnormalities leading to Cushing's syndrome or Addison's disease, etc.
Renal Diseases: Internists deal with kidney-related conditions such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney stones, and electrolyte imbalances.
Infectious Diseases: They diagnose and manage various infectious diseases like influenza, pneumonia, tuberculosis (TB), HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), etc.
Neurological Disorders: Internists assess patients with neurological conditions such as strokes, migraines, epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, peripheral neuropathy, etc.
Rheumatologic Diseases: They diagnose and treat conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, lupus erythematosus, fibromyalgia, etc.
Hematologic Disorders: Internists evaluate disorders related to the blood, including anaemia, blood clotting disorders or coagulopathies, sickle cell disease, type 1 von Willebrand disease, hemophilia A A/B,/D, et etc.
Mental Health Concerns: They address mental health issues including depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, eating disorders, dementia, etc.
It's important to note that general physicians have a broad knowledge base but may refer patients to specialists for complex or rare cases requiring specialised expertise.
To aid their diagnoses and monitor patient progress effectively, internists have access to several diagnostic tools:
Physical examinations: This involves detailed assessments of the patient's medical history, gaining insights by asking relevant questions about symptoms, family history, current medications, and lifestyle habits.
Laboratory tests: blood tests (like complete blood count, CBC, liver function test, LFT, sugar levels, and radiology reports), urine analysis,stool culture, microbiological samples( respiratory secretions, wound swabs, urine cultures, and pelvic swabs).
Imaging techniques: X-rays, MRI scans, ultrasonography (U/S)
Treatment and Management
General physicians utilise a variety of approaches to manage patients' medical conditions, including:
Lifestyle Modification: They emphasise the importance of healthy habits such as regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress management, and the avoidance of harmful substances like tobacco and excessive alcohol.
Medication Management: Internists prescribe appropriate medications tailored for specific ailments. They educate patients about correct usage, dose schedules, side effects, and precautions.
Referrals to Specialists: When faced with complex cases requiring specialised expertise beyond their scope of practice, internists refer patients to specialists like cardiologists,pulmonologists,endocrinologists,gastroenterologists,nephrologists,rheumatologists, psychiatrists, etc.
Long-Term Care Plans: For chronic conditions requiring ongoing monitoring and management, internists create long-term care plans in conjunction with the patient. Providing counselling, supportive services (like physical therapy, rehabilitation programmes, or palliative care), screening for complications, managing comorbidities, and regular follow-up is part of it.
General medicine serves as the foundation for comprehensive healthcare delivery by providing primary care services, promoting preventive measures, and coordinating specialist care when required. Internists are trained to address a wide range of medical conditions within various organ systems. They play an essential role in maintaining overall health and well-being while treating acute illnesses and managing chronic diseases. Encouragement towards healthier lifestyles is also one component within general medicine. Physicians practicing general medicine hold a broad knowledge base that forms the basis for effective diagnoses, treatments, and maintenance-keeping holistic approaches.
General medicine, also known as internal medicine, is a medical specialty that focuses on comprehensive health care for adults. It involves the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of a wide range of diseases and conditions.
Role of General Medicine/Internal Medicine Physicians
Internal medicine physicians, also known as internists or general practitioners, are primary care doctors who specialise in adult healthcare. They have extensive knowledge and training in diagnosing and treating common illnesses, as well as managing complex medical conditions.
Education and training
To become an internist or general practitioner, individuals must complete several years of education and training beyond their undergraduate degree. This typically involves:
Obtaining a bachelor's degree in biology, chemistry, or a related field
Graduating from medical school with a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or Doctor of Osteopathy (DO) degree
Completing residency training in internal medicine, which usually lasts three years
Some internists may choose to pursue additional fellowship training to specialise further in areas such as cardiology, gastroenterology, or infectious diseases.
Scope of Practice
General medicine and internal medicine physicians provide primary care services to adults aged 18 and above. They are skilled in managing acute illnesses such as respiratory infections, gastrointestinal disorders, urinary tract infections, and skin conditions. Furthermore, they manage chronic diseases, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, chronic kidney disease, etc. They conduct thorough physical examinations and discuss risk factors. validate family history, recommend investigations if required, and develop management strategies. Once the patient receives his preliminary workup, a definitive plan is established based on which long-term follow-up will help improve overall health. Some may even provide routine healthcare services like vaccinations, annual check-ups, etc.
In addition to diagnosing and treating patients' illnesses, they play an integral role in promoting wellness preventive measures through advocating necessary lifestyle changes and raising mental health awareness Too.These doctors collaborate with other specialists when needed to offer appropriate referral counselling for patients with condition prerequisites.
Importance of General Medicine/Internal Medicine
General medicine plays a crucial role in healthcare by providing primary care to adults. By establishing long-term relationships with patients, general physicians can gain a deeper understanding of their medical history, lifestyle, and family background, thus offering personalised care plans. They are often the first point of contact for adult patients seeking medical advice or treatment.
With their broad knowledge base, internists excel at diagnosing complex conditions that may involve multiple body systems working synchronously. Clinical acumen and adaptability increase the correct diagnosis. In cases where specialty care is required, they make informed referrals and foster collaboration, ensuring continuity of care throughout the patient's healthcare journey.
In summary, general medicine or internal medicine is an important field within healthcare that focuses on the overall well-being of adults through prevention, early detection, and management approaches. They provide comprehensive primary care services together with advocating preventive measures, placing emphasis on wellness planning, and often coordinating amongst specialists. Through their expertise and ongoing medical education, general physicians play a vital role in maintaining and improving the health of individuals.
General medicine, also known as family medicine or primary care, is a medical specialty that focuses on providing comprehensive healthcare to individuals and families. It involves the diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and management of various acute and chronic illnesses across all age groups.
General medicine practitioners are often referred to as family physicians or general practitioners (GPs), and they play a crucial role in delivering primary healthcare services within their communities. These medical professionals serve as the first point of contact for patients seeking medical care and are trained to handle a wide range of health concerns.
Scope of Practice
Family medicine encompasses several key areas within the field of medicine. Some major aspects include:
Diagnosis: Family physicians use their clinical skills to assess symptoms accurately and diagnose various illnesses.
Treatment: They provide appropriate treatments for common conditions such as infections, allergies, minor injuries, etc.
Preventive Care: The primary focus is placed on preventive measures such as immunisations, health screenings, counselling on healthy lifestyle choices (dietary recommendations, exercise routines), and smoking cessation strategies.
Management of Chronic Conditions: Family physicians specialise in long-term management plans for chronic diseases like diabetes, hypertension (high blood pressure), and asthma.
Referrals: When specialised care is required beyond their expertise or the facilities offered by clinics or hospitals under their supervision, general practitioners may refer patients accordingly.
Role in the Healthcare System
Family doctors and general practitioners play a significant role in the overall healthcare system.
They provide continuity of care by being available throughout an individual's lifespan, caring for them from infancy through adolescence and into adulthood.
Establishing strong doctor-patient relationships based on trust and familiarity with the patient's personal circumstances often leads to better-informed diagnoses and improved patient compliance regarding treatment plans.
By emphasising disease prevention strategies through regular check-ups and early intervention measures, we can help reduce morbidity rates in communities overall.
Family physicians also play a crucial role in coordinating care between different specialists and healthcare providers to ensure seamless integration of services for patients requiring multi-disciplinary support.
Training and qualifications
To become a general practitioner, medical professionals undergo comprehensive training:
Medical School: After completing undergraduate studies, aspiring doctors must attend medical school for four to five years to earn their Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Bachelor of Medicine or Bachelor of Surgery (M.B.B.S.) degree.
Residency Programme: Following medical school, newly graduated doctors typically complete a residency programme specialising in family medicine. The duration varies by country but typically ranges from two to three years.
Licencing and Certification: Once the residency programme is complete, physicians must obtain the necessary licensures and certifications needed to practice medicine in their respective jurisdictions.
General medicine, or family medicine, is an essential specialty that provides primary healthcare services to individuals of all ages. These healthcare professionals are skilled at diagnosing illnesses, treating acute conditions, managing chronic diseases, and focusing on preventive care measures. With their diverse skill set and holistic approach to patient care, general practitioners serve as integral members of the healthcare system, ensuring individual well-being within the communities they serve.
Geriatric medicine, also known as geriatrics or gerontology, is a branch of medicine that focuses on the healthcare needs and well-being of older adults. As people age, they often face unique health challenges and require specialised care to maintain their quality of life. Geriatric medicine aims to prevent, diagnose, and manage these health issues in older individuals.
The Role of a Geriatrician
A geriatrician is a medical doctor who specialises in the comprehensive care of elderly patients. These healthcare professionals possess expertise in various aspects of ageing and have an understanding of age-related changes in the body. They are trained to provide personalised care that takes into account not only physical but also mental and social factors impacting seniors' health.
Common Conditions Addressed
Geriatricians are equipped to address multiple complex health conditions commonly seen in older patients. Some common areas where geriatric medicine plays a crucial role include:
Multimorbidity: Older adults frequently suffer from multiple chronic conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, heart disease, respiratory problems (like COPD), cognitive impairments (like dementia), etc. A geriatrician helps manage these conditions simultaneously while considering potential interactions between medications.
Frailty: Frailty refers to decreased strength and resilience in older individuals, which increases vulnerability to adverse outcomes like falls or hospitalisations. Geriatricians assess frailty levels by evaluating different domains, including physical function, cognition, nutrition status, mood disorders (like depression), social support systems, loneliness issues, and overall medical history.
Polypharmacy: Due to multiple chronic illnesses and resultant prescription drugs from various specialists over time, polypharmacy becomes common among elderly patients; this can lead to medication side effects or drug interactions with significant consequences for their health status. General physicians specialise in assessing each person's medication list carefully while minimising unnecessary prescriptions.
Cognitive Decline: Disorders like Alzheimer's or other dementias become more prevalent with age. Geriatric medicine focuses on timely diagnosis, management of challenging behaviours, and providing support to patients and carers.
Approach to Care
The geriatricians' method is distinctive in that it places a strong emphasis on a thorough evaluation of the older patient as a whole. They use an interdisciplinary, team-based approach involving specialists such as nurses, social workers, physical therapists, occupational therapists, and pharmacists in order to provide holistic care. Key aspects of their approach include:
Person-Centred Care: Geriatricians consider the individual's goals, values, and preferences when making treatment decisions. They also engage patients actively in their healthcare planning.
Preventive Care: Apart from addressing acute illnesses or chronic conditions, geriatric medicine places significant emphasis on preventive measures, including vaccinations (like influenza and pneumonia), cancer screenings (such as mammograms or colonoscopies), and bone density assessments for osteoporosis identification.
Carer Support: Recognising the essential role played by family carers, geriatricians address carer burden while ensuring appropriate support systems are in place for both patients and carers.
Geriatrics Research and Education
In addition to clinical care provision, geriatricians play an important part in advancing knowledge through research, contributing towards scientific advancements aimed at improving health outcomes for older adults. Furthermore, it is crucial to train future generations regarding specific issues related to elderly care so they can carry forward this specialised medical field effectively.
Geriatrics has emerged as a vital medical specialty dedicated solely to catering to the needs of the elderly. With its unique skill set, combining biological understanding with attention to other motional, psychological, and social factors, it enables doctors to comprehensively manage challenges that occur due to the natural ageing process.