Marina Barrage

Marina Barrage

Overview

It is a prominent landmark and reservoir located in the heart of Singapore. It is an architectural marvel that serves multiple purposes, including water supply, flood control, recreation, and environmental conservation. The project, which cost around SGD 226 million, was completed in 2008.

Purpose

The primary purpose is to create a freshwater reservoir in the densely populated city-state of Singapore. As an island nation, Singapore needs more land for water catchment and storage. To address this issue, it utilises the natural flow of four major rivers—the Geylang River, Kallang River, Rochor River, and Stamford Canal—to capture and store rainwater.

Design Features

It boasts several innovative design features that make it functional and visually appealing.

Pump House: At its core, the barrage houses a massive underground pump house with nine giant pumps capable of syphoning excess stormwater from the four rivers into the reservoir.

Crest Gates: One standout feature is the five crest gates on top of the barrage. These gates remain open during low tide but can be closed during high tide or heavy rainfall events to prevent seawater from entering.

Reservoir: Marina Barrage created a 350-hectare reservoir with a storage capacity of about 10,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools, or approximately 250 million gallons (or one billion litres) of water.

Solar Panels: To ensure sustainability, more than 5,000 solar panels provide renewable energy for the operation of Marina Barrage.

Functions

Water Supply: It is critical to bolstering Singapore's water supply. The freshwater captured undergoes intense filtration before being treated for consumption or non-potable purposes such as irrigation or industrial needs.

Flood Control: By regulating water flow from the rivers into the sea, it effectively mitigates flooding in low-lying areas such as Chinatown and Boat Quay, which were previously prone to flooding during heavy rainfall.

Recreation: The picturesque setting has become a popular recreational hub for locals and tourists. The vast open space is ideal for picnics, kite flying, jogging, cycling, and even water sports like kayaking or dragon boating.

Environmental Conservation: The lush greenery surrounding the reservoir attracts various bird species and provides an ecosystem conducive to biodiversity conservation. The barrage also doubles as a visitor centre where educational programmes on sustainable development are conducted for students.

Impact

The construction has had far-reaching effects on Singapore's urban landscape.

Improved Water Security: Thanks to Marina Barrage's contribution to freshwater storage, Singapore now collects about 90% of its water requirement domestically, significantly reducing its reliance on imported water from neighbouring Malaysia.

Enhanced Coastal Resilience: Its flood control features have bolstered Singapore's readiness to combat rising sea levels caused by climate change.

Iconic Landmark: It symbolises Singapore's commitment to sustainable development and showcases the nation's expertise in advanced infrastructure design.

Overall, it is an engineering marvel and a testament to Singapore's determination to overcome its geographical constraints through innovation and effective urban planning.

The reservoir's water is calm all year round, making it the perfect place for soaking wet activities like kayaking or dragon boat racing for the more competitive among you.

If you don't like water activities, visit the barrage's rooftop, which has a grassy area great for relaxing with the family or flying a kite.

Another significant factor in reducing flooding in some of the island's lower-lying parts is the Marina Barrage. Nine crest gates will be opened during periods of heavy rain, allowing surplus stormwater to be released into the sea during low tide. Seven enormous pumps that can empty an Olympic-sized swimming pool every minute into the ocean come into operation during high tide.

The building serves as a showcase for Singapore's efforts to become a greener nation. For example, The Solar Park has one of Singapore's most extensive arrays of solar panels—more than 400—supplying the electricity required for the barrage's daytime lighting.

Visit the Sustainable Singapore Gallery on the ground floor of the barrage to learn more about the nation's green initiatives. Through interactive multimedia displays, exhibits, and activities, this educational space explains environmental and water concerns. A guided tour is provided at the gallery.


Marina Barrage Design and Structure

Overview

It is a crucial engineering marvel in Singapore that serves multiple purposes. Completed in 2008, it is strategically located at the mouth of the Marina Channel, making it a vital component of Singapore's water management system.

Functionality

The primary purpose is to provide fresh water storage for Singapore's water supply. This facility helps to alleviate the country's dependence on imported water by collecting rainwater from catchment areas upstream. The barrage can hold up to 10,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools worth of water, ensuring a sustainable source of drinking water.

Additionally, it acts as a flood control measure for the low-lying areas around Marina Bay. By manipulating tide levels through advanced hydraulic systems, the barrage can prevent seawater intrusion during high tides and drain excess stormwater during heavy rainfall.

Architectural Design

Its impressive design harmonises with its surroundings. Its structure incorporates both functional elements and aesthetically pleasing features.

Green Roof: One notable aspect is its extensive green roof, which covers most of the building. The lush garden provides insulation, reducing heat gain into the facility while enhancing energy efficiency.

Solar Energy: Solar panels installed throughout optimise renewable energy generation to power various operational systems.

Water Features: A cascading waterfall spanning three levels creates an inviting entrance, adding grandeur to this magnificent structure while representing Singapore's connection with water.

Atrium Space: A spacious atrium offers visitors breathtaking panoramic views over the Marina Reservoir and skyline.

Visitor Centre: The Visitor Centre serves as an educational hub, providing information about Singapore's efforts to maintain sustainable urban development and interactive exhibits illustrating critical concepts related to reservoirs and eco-friendly practices.

Sustainable Features

It is an exemplar of sustainability, incorporating environmentally conscious design elements:

Rainwater Harvesting: The facility collects and treats rainwater from surrounding catchment areas, ensuring a constant fresh water supply while reducing reliance on imported water sources.

Hydroelectric Power Generation: The barrage harnesses the power of flowing water to generate clean energy through hydroelectric turbines, contributing to Singapore's renewable energy goals.

Recreational Space: In addition to its functional aspects, the building offers ample space for recreational activities like picnics and kite flying on its extensive green roof.

Pond Gardens: The rooftop features vibrant pond gardens with diverse flora that are natural filters for rainwater runoff before reaching the reservoir below.

Environmental Sustainability Education: Through various programmes at the Visitor Centre, visitors learn about sustainable practices and how individual actions can contribute to environmental conservation efforts.

It showcases the symbiotic relationship between functionality, architectural ingenuity, and environmental consciousness. It demonstrates Singapore's commitment to overcoming water challenges while providing a vibrant recreational space for visitors to enjoy sustainably.


Sustainable Singapore Gallery: Photos


Overview

The Sustainable Singapore Gallery is an exhibition space in Marina Barrage, Singapore. It showcases various initiatives and projects that promote sustainability and environmental awareness in the city-state.


Overview of the Exhibition

The gallery provides visitors with an interactive and immersive experience to learn about sustainable practices in Singapore. It highlights the city's commitment to building a greener future and provides education and inspiration.


Key themes explored

Water Management: Marina Barrage is a prime example of sustainable water management. The gallery explores the importance of collecting rainwater, reducing dependence on imported water, and implementing effective drainage systems.


Energy Efficiency: One of the main focuses of the exhibition is exploring energy-efficient technologies used in Singapore. Visitors can learn about smart grids, solar power, wind energy, and other innovative solutions employed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.


Green Building Design: The gallery showcases sustainable architecture concepts adopted throughout Singapore's urban development process. This includes green roofs, vertical gardens, efficient lighting systems, and eco-friendly materials.


Waste Management: A section of the exhibition educates visitors about the city-state's waste reduction strategies. Recycling programmes, e-waste management schemes, and composting methods are highlighted to emphasise how each individual can contribute to a circular economy.


Biodiversity Conservation: This section of the gallery explores the importance of preserving biodiversity within an urban environment. Visitors can discover efforts made to create nature reserves within Singapore's urban landscape, promoting wildlife conservation alongside vibrant city life.


Interactive Exhibits

To engage visitors effectively, numerous interactive exhibits have been incorporated into the Sustainable Singapore Gallery experience:

Hands-on displays allow visitors to explore various renewable energy sources.


Virtual reality (VR) experiences transport guests underwater or high above skyscrapers for a unique perspective on sustainable urban development.

Interactive games test visitors' knowledge about sustainability-related topics, providing an engaging and educational experience.


Education and Outreach

The gallery is a valuable resource for students, educators, policymakers, and citizens interested in sustainable practices. It offers guided tours to schools and organisations, educating attendees about adopting eco-friendly measures daily.


The Sustainable Singapore Gallery is a captivating exhibition that showcases Singapore's dedication to creating a sustainable future. Its informative displays and interactive elements raise awareness about water management, energy efficiency, green building design, waste management, and biodiversity conservation. By highlighting these key themes and offering educational resources to the public, the gallery aims to inspire individuals to adopt more environmentally friendly habits in their own lives.


Marina Barrage’s role in urban planning


Overview

It plays a crucial role in urban planning, especially in the context of Singapore's sustainable development. It serves as a multipurpose reservoir and flood control facility while offering recreational amenities to the public. This extensive overview will discuss critical aspects of its role in enhancing urban planning and contributing to environmental sustainability.


Marina Barrage Weather

Flood Control: One of the primary roles of flood control is to mitigate flooding in low-lying areas of Singapore. The barrage effectively manages excess water during heavy rainfall, preventing downstream flooding by damming the seawater at the Marina Channel. Its integrated system of pumps and gates can regulate water levels according to weather conditions, protecting against rising tides and storm surges.


Reservoir Storage: As an integral part of Singapore's water strategy, it acts as a freshwater reservoir that supplements the national water supply. Maintaining a steady water level within its reservoir ensures a reliable supply for domestic use, reducing dependence on imported water from neighbouring countries.


Environmental Sustainability:

Sustainable Energy Generation: It houses solar panels on its rooftop, generating renewable energy to power its operational facilities. This cost-effective measure reduces carbon emissions while promoting sustainability within urban planning frameworks.


Efficient Water Use: The barrage employs advanced technologies such as rainwater harvesting systems and greywater recycling practices. These measures optimise resource utilisation by collecting rainwater for non-potable purposes like irrigation or cleaning.


Biodiversity Conservation: The surrounding green spaces and waterfront areas are carefully designed to enhance biodiversity conservation efforts within an urban setting. Native plant species are introduced to promote habitat creation for local flora and fauna, establishing ecological corridors across different parts of Singapore.


Recreational Amenities:

Alongside its pivotal environmental functions, it offers diverse recreational amenities that cater to the public's leisure and educational needs. These include:

Water Sports Facilities: The barrage provides opportunities for sailing, kayaking, canoeing, and other water-based activities on its reservoir. This promotes a healthy and active lifestyle while fostering community engagement.


Rooftop Gardens: The rooftop is transformed into a lush green space accessible to visitors. It offers stunning panoramic views of Singapore's skyline while providing a peaceful environment for relaxation or picnics.


Education Centre: It houses an education centre that seeks to raise awareness of water management and sustainability among students and the general public. Various interactive exhibits and workshops educate visitors on the importance of responsible resource usage.


In conclusion, it plays a pivotal role in urban planning by managing flood control, supporting sustainable water management practices, promoting environmental conservation, and offering recreational amenities. Its multifaceted design showcases Singapore's commitment to sustainable development within an urban landscape while providing valuable educational opportunities for locals and tourists alike.


History of Marina Barrage

Overview

It is an architectural marvel located in Singapore, at the mouth of the Marina Channel. It serves as a dam and a reservoir, bringing numerous benefits to the surrounding areas. The history traces back to its initial conception and construction, which revolutionised water management in Singapore.

Conception and Planning

The idea for constructing Marina Barrage originated in the late 1960s, when plans were made to turn Marina Bay into a freshwater lake to enhance water supply reliability while providing additional recreational opportunities for residents. However, concrete steps to realise this vision were only taken in the late 1980s.

Construction and Completion

Construction began in 2005 after years of planning and environmental impact studies. The project took approximately five years and involved extensive engineering expertise from various countries worldwide. In 2008, it officially opened its doors to the public, marking a significant milestone for Singapore's landscape.

Engineering Feats

It exhibits impressive engineering feats that make it an iconic structure today. One notable aspect is its six hydraulically operated crest gates across its width. These gates serve multiple purposes by preventing flooding during high tide periods while being able to release excess rainwater during heavy rainfall events.

The design also incorporates solar energy through photovoltaic cells installed on the barrage roof panels. These solar panels generate renewable energy within the facility, promoting sustainability and reducing carbon emissions.

Water management benefits

The primary purpose behind the building was to create a reliable source of freshwater for Singaporeans while maintaining flood control capabilities effectively. By damming off the entire mouth of the Marina Channel with this low-level tidal barrage, seawater intrusion into freshwater reservoirs further upstream has been significantly minimised.

Today, with a catchment area spanning over ten times its actual size, it helps collect and store rainwater runoff. This water management system ensures a steady drinking water supply while acting as an additional reservoir for recreational activities such as sailing and kayaking.

Recreational Opportunities

Aside from its functional aspects, it has become a popular destination in Singapore, offering recreational opportunities for locals and tourists alike. The green rooftop of the barrage provides a sprawling 61,000 square metres of space for outdoor activities like picnicking, flying kites, or simply enjoying panoramic views of the city skyline.

In addition to that, the Sustainable Singapore Gallery, located within Marina Barrage, enlightens visitors about Singapore's efforts in environmental sustainability through interactive exhibits. It is an educational platform for understanding water conservation and climate change issues.

The history showcases Singapore's commitment to sustainable development by ingeniously integrating flood control with recreation and freshwater supply needs. Its innovative design features have solved critical water-related challenges and created an architectural landmark promoting sustainable practices.

With its multifaceted role in serving practical functions and offering leisure experiences, it stands as a testament to human ingenuity and engineering prowess while providing immense social value to Singaporeans.

Future Developments

Overview

As a critical landmark in Singapore, Marina Barrage has always been at the forefront of innovation and sustainable development. Given its ongoing success in flood control and water supply management, several exciting future developments are planned.

1. Enhanced Recreational Facilities

It has already established itself as a popular destination for leisure activities and outdoor events. However, plans are underway to enhance the recreational facilities available to visitors. This includes expanding green spaces for picnics, sports, and family gatherings. Additionally, new attractions such as playgrounds, jogging tracks, and cycling paths will be incorporated into the design to promote an active lifestyle.

2. Educational Centres

Recognising the educational potential of Marina Barrage's integrated water management system, there are plans to establish academic centres nearby. These centres will educate visitors about water conservation efforts and provide interactive exhibits on sustainability practices. It aims to raise awareness about environmental preservation among both locals and tourists.

3. Expansion of Water Activities

Water-based activities have always been a significant part of Singapore's appeal. To cater to the growing demand from water enthusiasts, there are proposals to expand recreational boating and kayaking options within the reservoir area. This would allow individuals or groups to explore more of the surrounding waters while enjoying stunning views of the Singapore skyline.

4. Eco-friendly Initiatives

As part of Singapore's commitment towards environmental sustainability, various eco-friendly initiatives will be implemented at Marina Barrage shortly. This includes installing solar panels atop selected structures to harness renewable energy sources for power generation needs within the site itself. Additionally, efforts will be made to maximise rainwater harvesting methods using efficient irrigation systems powered by collected rainfall.

5. Miscellaneous Improvements

Various improvements will be made to ensure continued seamless operations and enhance the visitor experience. These include upgrades to the existing infrastructure, such as maintaining the dam and water gates to ensure optimal functionality. Additionally, there are plans to improve accessibility by expanding public transportation options in the vicinity.

Overall, these future developments reflect its commitment to sustainable urban living and enhancing visitors' overall experience. By integrating recreational facilities, educational centres, eco-friendly initiatives, and improving infrastructure, it aims to remain a vibrant destination that embraces innovation and serves as a model for other urban landscapes worldwide.

Location - How To Get To Marina Barage

Marina Barrage MRT is strategically situated near the vibrant Marina Bay area in Singapore. It is conveniently accessible from different parts of the island due to its central location. The station is located along the Circle Line (CCL) and provides seamless connectivity with other major rail lines like the North-South Line (NSL) and Downtown Line (DTL).

Parking at the Marina Barrage


There are several types of parking available at Marina Barrage to cater to various needs:


1. Public Car Park

Located near the main entrance, this is a designated area specifically allocated for public parking.

It provides numerous spaces for vehicles and is accessible throughout operating hours.

Visitors can pay for their parking fees conveniently through automated ticket machines or electronic payment methods.

2. Disabled Parking Spaces

Specialised designated spots are available within close proximity to entry points, ensuring easy access for people with disabilities.

These spots are wider than regular ones, enabling individuals with mobility challenges to enter or exit their vehicles comfortably.

3. Bicycle Parking Racks

To promote sustainable transportation choices, designated bicycle-parking racks can be found within the vicinity.

Cycling enthusiasts visiting Marina Barrage can safely park their bikes while enjoying the various recreational activities.

Tips for Marina Barrage Parking


When visiting Marina Barrage and utilising the parking facilities, it is essential to keep the following tips in mind:


Arrive early: Marina Barrage tends to get crowded during peak hours and weekends. To secure a parking spot, it is advisable to arrive early.

Be Mindful of Regulations: Familiarise yourself with the rules and regulations governing parking at Marina Barrage, including fees, time limits, and any specific instructions stated.

Consider Alternative Transportation: If you prefer not to drive or if parking availability poses a concern, consider utilising public transportation options like buses or trains that connect to Marina Barrage.

Marina Barrage Food

Overview


Marina Barrage is a significant landmark in Singapore, serving as both a dam to manage the city-state's water supply and a popular recreational hub. Apart from its stunning views and numerous outdoor activities, Marina Barrage is also known for its diverse culinary offerings that cater to all tastes. Whether you are craving local delights or international cuisine, there are plenty of options available at Marina Barrage. From casual dining cafes to upscale restaurants, here is an extensive overview of the key subject of Marina Barrage food.


1. Local Delights


Singapore is famous for its vibrant street food culture, and visitors to Marina Barrage can experience some of these iconic local dishes while enjoying the picturesque surroundings. Hawker stalls located around the area offer delicious classics such as:


Hainanese Chicken Rice: A fragrant dish consisting of tender poached chicken served with aromatic rice cooked in chicken broth.

Laksa: A spicy coconut-based noodle soup filled with ingredients like prawns, cockles, fish cake, tofu puffs, and bean sprouts.

Satay: skewered and grilled meat (usually chicken or beef) served with peanut sauce.

2. Western Cuisine


For those looking for more Western-style fare, Marina Barrage has several restaurants that serve flavorful dishes inspired by various cuisines:


Italian Cuisine: Indulge in authentic pizza or pasta prepared using traditional techniques and fresh ingredients.

American Burgers: Savour juicy burgers topped with an array of condiments like cheese, bacon, onions, and pickles, all sandwiched between soft buns.

International Fusion: Experience unique blends of different culinary traditions through fusion dishes that combine flavours from different parts of the world.

3. Seafood Specialties


Given its location near the sea, it comes as no surprise that seafood plays a prominent role in the dining options at Marina Barrage. Some highlights include:


Fresh Seafood Platters: Enjoy delectable seafood platters featuring an assortment of fresh catches, including prawns, clams, mussels, and fish.

Grilled Fish: Savour perfectly grilled whole fish with various marinades and seasoning options to enhance its natural flavours.

4. Vegetarian and Vegan Options


For those following a vegetarian or vegan diet, there are also plenty of choices available at Marina Barrage's food establishments:


Plant-Based Burgers: Dive into mouthwatering plant-based burgers made from ingredients like lentils, mushrooms, or soy protein that mimic the taste and texture of meat.

Buddha Bowls: These colourful bowls feature a variety of vegetables, grains, legumes, and dressings for a wholesome and nutritious meal.

5. Desserts and Beverages


No culinary experience is complete without satisfying your sweet tooth or quenching your thirst. You can find:


Local Sweet Treats: Try traditional Singaporean desserts such as chendol (shaved ice topped with coconut milk, palm sugar syrup, and red beans), pandan cake (a light green sponge cake with pandan flavour), or kueh (various bite-sized snacks made from glutinous rice).

Artisanal Coffee: Indulge in aromatic coffees brewed by skilled baristas using high-quality beans sourced from around the world.


Marina Barrage offers an extensive range of culinary delights to cater to all tastes. From local favourites to international cuisines within easy reach at this picturesque location overlooking the city skyline, whether you're looking for casual street food or refined dining experiences with a view, Marina Barrage has something for everyone!

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