Basic Military Training (BMT) is a crucial part of National Service (NS) in Singapore. It is a training program designed to equip young men with the necessary knowledge and skills to become soldiers in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). This article will provide a comprehensive guide to BMT in Singapore, including its purpose, training program, and what to expect during the training.

It is an introduction and rite of passage required of every full-time National Serviceman (NSF), regardless of national origin or length of service commitment. Your type and duration depend on both Physical Employment Standard (PES) results as well as Pre-Enlistee Individual Physical Proficiency Tests (IPPT), so please visit the Enlistment Notice page for further details.

Combat-fit NSFs (PES A or B1) should expect to participate in various training and activities throughout:

  • Weapon handling and presentation
  • IPPT training
  • Strength training
  • Standard obstacle course
  • Battle inoculation course
  • Swimming
  • Route marches
  • Basic trainfire course
  • Individual field craft
  • Field camp
  • Urban operations
  • Grenade throwing
  • National Education

Training curriculum may differ for National Servicemen and PES depending on physical abilities and training needs, though safety remains of primary importance to Singapore Armed Forces training programs of all kinds - with all possible measures put in place to prevent injuries during instruction.

It serves more than simply to develop soldiering skills; rather, it also introduces recruits to military life and culture - helping you learn and adapt to working within an organised structure. Your performance will then be assessed so as to allocate you with suitable vocational training after BMT has concluded. Learn more about what happens during and post BMT!

BMT Purpose

The primary purpose is to prepare young men for military service in the SAF. It is a rigorous training program designed to instill discipline, physical fitness, and military skills in recruits. The training is aimed at developing the mental and physical resilience required to serve in the SAF. It also serves as a platform for young men to learn the values of teamwork, camaraderie, and loyalty. These values are essential, where soldiers need to work together to achieve common goals and objectives.

BMT Training Program

It is divided into three phases: Basic, Vocational, and Field Training. Each phase focuses on specific aspects of military training and is designed to build on the previous phase.

BMT Phase 1 - Basic Training

The first phase is Basic Training, which lasts for nine weeks. This phase is designed to develop the fundamental skills and knowledge required for military service. Recruits will undergo rigorous physical training, including exercises such as push-ups, sit-ups, and running. They will also learn basic military skills such as marching, rifle handling, and hand-to-hand combat.

Recruits will also attend classes on military law, military history, and the SAF's organization and structure. This phase is critical in shaping recruits' attitudes towards military service and instilling discipline and respect for authority.

BMT Phase 2 - Vocational Training

The second phase of is Vocational Training, which lasts for four weeks. This phase is designed to develop specialized skills and knowledge in specific vocations, such as infantry, armor, or logistics. Recruits will receive training in their assigned vocation, including the use of specialized equipment and weapons.

Vocational training is an essential phase as it prepares recruits for their specific roles in the SAF. It also helps to develop a sense of pride and identity in their chosen vocation.

BMT Phase 3 - Field Training

The final phase is Field Training, which lasts for four weeks. This phase is designed to simulate combat situations and develop the skills required for real-world military operations. Recruits will undergo intensive field training, including live firing exercises, field navigation, and survival training.

Field training is a physically and mentally demanding phase, designed to test the recruits' resilience and ability to work under pressure. It is also a crucial phase in preparing recruits for further training and deployment in the SAF.

What to Expect During BMT

It is a demanding training program that requires recruits to be physically and mentally prepared. Here are some things to expect during BMT:

  1. Rigorous Physical Training - involves intense physical training, including running, push-ups, sit-ups, and other exercises. Recruits are required to pass a Physical Proficiency Test (PPT) at the end of Basic Training, which includes a 2.4km run, sit-ups, and push-ups.
  2. Discipline - designed to instill discipline and respect for authority. Recruits are required to follow strict rules and regulations, including a strict code of conduct.
  3. Uniform and Equipment - Recruits are issued uniforms and equipment and are required to maintain them in good condition. They must also learn how to handle and maintain their weapons and equipment properly.
  4. Time Management - Recruits must learn how to manage their time effectively, as they are required to complete various tasks and attend classes throughout the training

It is the first phase of the National Service (NS) experience for all male citizens and permanent residents in Singapore. It is a three-month programme that is designed to transform civilians into soldiers, equipping them with the physical, mental, and emotional skills required to serve in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF). This blog article will discuss the history of it in Singapore, its purpose, and the training that individuals undergo during this phase of NS.

How To Survive BMT

As with the beginning of any school term, presents its own set of challenges - you meet new friends, learn new skills and adjust to demands made of you by teachers/sergeants (i.e. sergeants). Here are the tips to assist with.

1. Secure Your Rifle

Be vigilant of where your rifle is during field camps; do not leave it out of sight for too long or it could end up with one of your sergeants and wind up missing, earning them an extended staycation on Pulau Tekong Island.

2. Be Helpful To Each Other

Be considerate towards your team-members and always assist when finished with tasks, even after BMT tasks have been accomplished. Rewards and punishments will be distributed equitably within your BMT group.

3. Bring a permanent marker

You will need this to label all of your personal gear (since everyone will likely have something similar). Otherwise, risk using one of your bunkmates' towels instead!

4. Bring clothes hangers.

With 16 recruits sharing just a handful of clotheslines in their bunk, having your own hanger can come in handy when drying off your uniform.

5. Bring multiple sets of underwear

This way, in case any of the ones that become dirty become necessary again later.

6. Apply Vaseline Before Route Marches

Your trouser lining may rub against the insides of your legs during route marches; apply ample vaseline on their insides in order to avoid thigh abrasions and prevent possible cuts and scrapes. Alternatively, diaper rash cream might provide better relief.

7. Exercise

Recruits undergo gradual physical training that ensures comfort; however, doing a few sports or exercises before joining can only benefit your readiness. Acclimatizing to sunlight and sweat is beneficial!

8. Enjoy the Process

Training can be challenging at times, but also provides rewarding moments along the way! Savor every aspect of this unique journey!

9.Fabric Freshener for Smelly Clothing

There will be lots of physical activity taking place, and as a result, you are sure to sweat a great deal, which could leave your uniforms smelly over time. Fabric fresheners may help freshen these garments back up for wear!

Fabric freshener can help when time constraints prevent regular laundry sessions; to beat odorous clothing, quickly spray your used, dry uniforms with fabric freshener until you can fit a wash session into your schedule.

10.High Energy Snacks

Physical activities will sap your energy reserves quickly, leaving you fatigued and hungry more frequently than not. So it would be smart to stock up on high energy snack bars or protein powder for quick energy restoration during BMT sessions.

Avoid sugary or unhealthy snacks to stave off midafternoon energy dip. Instead, opt for nuts or protein bars as a better energy booster during physical activities.

11.Medication Pouch

While participating, it is possible that you will experience slight injuries such as scraped knees, blisters, or muscle soreness; or you might get headaches, sore throats, or stomachaches as side effects of treatment.

Prepare an emergency medication pouch: fill it with paracetamol, medicated oil, a thermometer, lozenges, bandages, and medicated patches—you never know when they might come in handy!

12.Permanent Marker

BMT will supply each participant with a standard kit containing clothing, water bottles, gear, towels, and toiletries, meaning it may become easy for your items to become misplaced or mixed up with those of others.

Permanent markers will prove invaluable during bunk inspections; using them will reduce confusion while helping ensure everything is organized quickly.


At camp, there will inevitably be times when there is some free time between activities or meals that allows you to unwind after a hard day's work. Enjoying some offline entertainment can help.

Before heading off to Tekong, preload some movies or songs or bring along books as entertainment and don't forget your mobile power bank!

14.Coins to Fill Vending Machines

Before signing on with BMT, gather up any spare coins. When thirst strikes and something cool to quench it can come in handy at vending machines, having these spare coins available could come in handy at their vending machines.


The history in Singapore dates back to 1967, when the first National Service Act was passed, making it mandatory for all male citizens and permanent residents to serve for two years. The first batch of NS recruits underwent a six-month training programme, which was later reduced to three months in 1971.

Over the years, its programme has evolved to keep pace with changing threats and technology. The training now includes a wide range of modules, including weapons handling, physical fitness, first aid, and discipline.


The primary purpose of itin Singapore is to prepare individuals for their roles as soldiers in the SAF. This involves not only physical training, but also mental and emotional preparation. It aims to develop discipline, resilience, and teamwork, which are essential qualities for success in the military.

It also has other benefits for individuals and for society as a whole. It provides a sense of national identity and pride, as individuals from different backgrounds come together to serve the country. It also promotes physical fitness and mental well-being, which are important for leading a healthy and productive life.

BMT Training

The training is divided into three phases, each of which focuses on different aspects of military training.

Phase 1: Basic Military Training

The first phase of focuses on basic military skills, such as weapons handling, drill, and physical fitness. Recruits are taught how to handle weapons safely and effectively, and they are trained in basic military tactics and formations. Physical fitness is also a key component of this phase, with recruits undergoing a rigorous training programme that includes running, push-ups, and other exercises.

Phase 2: Vocational Training

In the second phase, recruits are assigned to specific military vocations, such as infantry, artillery, or logistics. They undergo specialised training in their chosen vocation, which includes both classroom instruction and practical training.

Phase 3: Consolidation Training

The final phase focuses on consolidation, with recruits undergoing a series of exercises and simulations that test their skills and knowledge. This phase also includes a live-firing exercise, where recruits have the opportunity to use the weapons they have been trained on in a real-world scenario.

It is a crucial part of the National Service experience in Singapore. It provides individuals with the skills and knowledge they need to serve in the military, while also promoting discipline, resilience, and teamwork. The training is rigorous and demanding, but it is designed to prepare individuals for the challenges they will face as soldiers in the SAF.

While it can be a difficult experience, it is also a rewarding one. For many young men, it is a rite of passage that marks the transition from adolescence to adulthood. It provides them with a sense of purpose and direction, as well as the opportunity to make new friends and develop new skills.

Overall, it is an essential component of the NS experience in Singapore, and it plays an important role in shaping the character and capabilities of the nation's defense force.

BMT - for Singapore armed forces

Are you considering joining the Singapore armed forces? If so, you've probably heard about. It is a rigorous program designed to transform civilians into soldiers. It can be daunting, but it's an essential part of military life in Singapore. In this blog post, we'll take a closer look at what it involves and why it's so important for those who want to serve their country. Whether you're preparing for it or just curious about military training, read on to learn more!

BMT - What is it?

It is a foundational program for all Singaporeans who want to join the armed forces. It is designed to teach recruits the basic skills and knowledge they need to become competent soldiers.

Recruits undergo intensive physical training that includes running, marching, and calisthenics. They also learn essential military skills such as weapon handling, navigation, first aid, and field craft.

In addition to physical training and skill-building activities, it also focuses on instilling core values such as discipline, teamwork, loyalty, integrity and courage in recruits. These values are critical for success in any military career.

It lasts approximately 2-3 months depending on your vocation. It can be challenging both physically and mentally but provides an excellent foundation for a career in the armed forces or beyond.

Who has to do?

It is a mandatory program that every eligible male Singaporean citizen has to go through. This includes both full-time National Servicemen (NSFs) and Operationally Ready NSmen (ORNSmen).

For NSFs, it is the first stage of their two-year National Service journey. It serves as an introduction to military life and prepares them for their subsequent vocations in the army.

As for ORNSmen who have not been called up for national service before, they are required to undergo a shortened version of BMT known as the Enhanced Performance-Based System (EPBS). The EPBS condenses basic training into nine days instead of 10 weeks.

It plays an important role in shaping individuals into capable soldiers with a strong sense of discipline and teamwork. Regardless of one's background or occupation outside of army life, everyone goes through this rite-of-passage together as part of defending our nation's sovereignty.

What happens during?

Recruits undergo a rigorous and intensive program designed to prepare them physically, mentally, and emotionally for the challenges of military service.

The training typically lasts for around 9 weeks and is divided into different phases that build upon each other. In the first phase, recruits learn the basics of military discipline and protocol such as how to stand at attention, salute properly and follow orders promptly.

Next comes physical conditioning which includes daily runs or marches, calisthenics exercises, obstacle courses and weapons familiarization drills. Recruits also receive combat training on various terrains such as urban areas or jungle environment.

Beyond that, it also involves classroom instruction on subjects like basic survival skills; handling emergency situations; recognizing potential threats in different scenarios like natural disasters etc.; learning about their roles in defending Singapore against external aggression or internal terrorism; caring for their own health through proper nutrition hygiene habits.

Throughout all these activities are tough tests both mental & physical that help identify those who possess the attributes needed to succeed in serving Singapore's defense forces: grit determination teamwork leadership adaptability resilience courage perseverance loyalty self-discipline integrity honor respect excellence professionalism sacrifice creativity innovation among others.

BMT - What are the benefits?

It is a crucial part of the Singapore Armed Forces. It provides young adults with invaluable skills and knowledge that will benefit them both in their military careers and in life beyond. Here are some of the key benefits:

Firstly, it instills discipline and respect for authority. Trainees learn to follow orders promptly and efficiently, which is essential on the battlefield as well as in civilian workplaces.

Secondly, it builds physical fitness by pushing trainees to their limits through rigorous training regimes. This helps them develop strength, endurance, and resilience.

Thirdly, it teaches basic survival skills such as first aid, map reading, navigation techniques and self-defense tactics. These skills can be applied not only on the battlefield but also in everyday life situations.

Fourthly, it fosters teamwork among trainees who come from all walks of life. They learn how to work together towards common goals under high-pressure situations.

Completion of it boosts confidence levels amongst graduates who feel empowered after tackling challenges they never thought possible before enlistment into national service.

Overall, it transforms raw recruits into disciplined soldiers ready to serve Singapore with honor and pride!

Are there any drawbacks?

While it has its benefits, there are also drawbacks that come with the experience. One of the most significant drawbacks is the physical and mental stress that comes with training. Recruits have to undergo rigorous physical activities such as long runs, obstacle courses, and combat training.

Another drawback is being away from family and friends for an extended period. Recruits may not be able to communicate with their loved ones regularly due to limited phone access or restrictions on technology usage.

Moreover, some people may not agree with certain military practices or ideologies taught during it. This can cause internal conflict within oneself if they feel uncomfortable or disagree with what's being taught.

Those who struggle to adapt to a highly structured environment may find it challenging during it. The strict schedule and routine can be overwhelming for some individuals who prefer more flexibility in their daily lives.

While there are drawbacks to undergoing it, it's important to remember that these challenges help build character and prepare recruits for future military duties.

How can I make the most of my BMT experience?

It can be a challenging experience, but it also presents opportunities for personal growth and development. Here are some tips on how to make the most out of your journey.

Firstly, maintain a positive attitude throughout the training. It may be tough, but always remind yourself of the purpose behind the program and how it will benefit you in the long run.

Secondly, approach every task given with enthusiasm and determination to give your best effort. This will not only impress your trainers but also help you develop resilience and discipline.

Thirdly, take advantage of opportunities to learn new skills or knowledge during it. Whether it's learning about weapon handling or diving into first aid techniques, these experiences can broaden your horizons and open up new interests.

Fourthly, bond with your fellow trainees by being supportive and helpful towards one another. Developing camaraderie is an essential part of military life that can translate into lifelong friendships.

Remember to stay physically fit even after completing it. Maintaining good fitness habits helps build stamina, strength and resilience - all qualities that are valuable in both personal and professional spheres.

By following these tips diligently during BMT experience you'll come out stronger than ever before!

It is mandatory for all Singaporean males who are physically and medically fit. During this training, recruits undergo rigorous physical and mental training to build their endurance, discipline and teamwork skills. The benefits extend beyond the military as the experience can positively impact a person's life in various ways.

While there may be some drawbacks to it such as homesickness or injury risks, with proper preparation, one can make the most out of their experience by coming in with an open mind and being mentally prepared for what lies ahead.

All in all, Basic Military Training plays a vital role in building strong individuals who will go on to serve Singapore both within the military and civilian sectors. It is not just about learning how to fire weapons or march in formation but also instilling values such as resilience, perseverance and loyalty that will benefit every recruit throughout their lives.

Tips to Survive BMT

It is a mandatory program for all male citizens of Singapore above the age of 18. The training takes place over nine weeks and is designed to instill discipline, resilience, and teamwork in trainees. However, it is also known to be physically and mentally challenging, and many trainees struggle to adapt to the rigorous routine.

In this blog post, we will provide tips to help you survive Basic Military Training in the Singapore Armed Forces.

Mental preparation

Before you start, it's essential to mentally prepare yourself for the challenges ahead. It's crucial to understand that it is designed to push you to your limits and test your mental and physical resilience. Remember that the training is temporary, and with the right attitude and effort, you can overcome any obstacle.

Get enough sleep

It involves early wake-up calls and a busy schedule, so it's essential to get enough sleep to ensure you're physically and mentally prepared for the day ahead. Try to get at least seven to eight hours of sleep every night and establish a consistent sleep routine.

Stay hydrated

The training can be physically demanding, and you may be required to perform outdoor activities in the hot and humid weather. Therefore, it's crucial to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water throughout the day. Dehydration can lead to fatigue, dizziness, and other health problems, so it's essential to keep your water bottle with you at all times.

Follow instructions

You'll be given specific instructions on how to perform tasks and activities. It's crucial to pay attention to these instructions and follow them precisely. Failure to follow instructions can result in disciplinary action and may affect the safety and well-being of yourself and your teammates.

Be punctual

Being punctual is crucial. Arriving late can disrupt the training schedule, and you may miss out on important instructions and briefings. Always arrive early for your appointments and tasks and use your time wisely.

Build rapport with your teammates

It involves working closely with your teammates to complete tasks and achieve objectives. It's essential to build rapport with your teammates by communicating effectively, showing respect, and helping each other out. Building a positive team dynamic will help you work more efficiently and make the training experience more enjoyable.

Stay positive

It can be mentally and physically challenging, and there may be times when you feel demotivated or discouraged. It's crucial to stay positive and maintain a can-do attitude. Remember that the training is temporary, and with the right mindset, you can overcome any challenge.

Stay fit

Physical fitness is essential during BMT. The training involves physical activities such as running, push-ups, and other exercises that require strength and endurance. To prepare for it, you should engage in regular physical exercise and maintain a healthy diet. It's also essential to avoid smoking, drinking, and other unhealthy habits that may affect your fitness level.

Manage stress

It can be stressful, and there may be times when you feel overwhelmed. It's crucial to manage your stress level by engaging in activities that help you relax, such as meditation, deep breathing, or listening to music. It's also essential to talk to your instructors or peers if you're experiencing stress or mental health issues.

Set goals

Finally, it's essential to set goals for yourself. Setting achievable goals can help you stay motivated and focused on the training. For example, you can set goals to improve your fitness level, learn a new skill, or achieve a particular rank. By setting goals, you'll have a clear purpose and direction during the training.

Surviving Basic Military Training in the Singapore Armed Forces requires mental and physical resilience

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What Happens After BMT ?

After completing it, soldiers in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) enter the next phase of their military career. This phase involves further training and development, as well as deployment to different units and operational theaters. In this article, we will explore what happens after BMT in the SAF, including the different phases of training, the types of units soldiers can be deployed to, and the opportunities for career progression.

Further Training and Development:

After completing it, soldiers undergo further training and development to improve their skills and prepare them for deployment to different units and operational theaters. The following are the different phases of training soldiers undergo:

Specialist Training:

Specialist Training is the first phase of training after BMT. Soldiers are trained in their specific vocation within the SAF, such as artillery, infantry, or engineering. Specialist Training can last anywhere from a few weeks to several months, depending on the complexity of the vocation.

Advanced Training:

Advanced Training is the second phase of training after BMT. Soldiers undergo advanced training to improve their skills and knowledge in their specific vocation. This can include specialized courses such as leadership, marksmanship, or advanced driving.

Leadership Training is an essential part of a soldier's career development in the SAF. Soldiers are trained to become leaders in their respective units, and to take on greater responsibility and accountability. Leadership Training includes courses on leadership principles, decision-making, and effective communication

Overseas Training:

Overseas Training is an opportunity for soldiers to train and operate in different environments and with different military forces. This can include joint military exercises with other countries, or deployment to different operational theaters, such as peacekeeping missions.

Deployment to Different Units:

After completing their training, soldiers in the SAF can be deployed to different units, depending on their vocation and operational requirements. The following are the different types of units soldiers can be deployed to:

Combat Units:

Combat Units are units that are directly involved in military operations, such as the Infantry, Artillery, and Armored units. Soldiers in combat units are trained to engage and defeat enemy forces.

Combat Support Units:

Combat Support Units provide support to combat units, such as the Signals and Engineering units. Soldiers in combat support units are trained to provide logistical and technical support to combat units.

Service Support Units:

Service Support Units provide administrative and logistical support to the SAF, such as the Transport and Medical units. Soldiers in service support units are trained to ensure the smooth functioning of the SAF's operations.

Career Progression:

The SAF provides various opportunities for soldiers to progress in their careers and take on greater responsibilities. The following are the different opportunities for career progression in the SAF:


Promotion is based on a soldier's performance, potential, and qualifications. Soldiers who demonstrate exceptional performance and potential can be promoted to higher ranks and take on greater responsibilities.

Specialist and Leadership Courses:
The SAF offers specialized courses in various fields, such as intelligence, logistics, and communication. Soldiers who complete these courses can become specialists in their field and take on leadership roles in their units.

Officer Training:

Officer Training is an opportunity for soldiers to become commissioned officers in the SAF. Officers are responsible for leading and managing their units, and are trained in leadership, decision-making, and strategic planning.

After completing it, soldiers in the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) undergo further training and development and can be deployed to different units and operational theaters. The SAF provides various opportunities for career progression, including promotion, specialist and leadership courses, and officer training. The skills, discipline, and values learned during BMT form the foundation of a soldier's career in the future.